Researchers from IGG published a new study on the expected drought occurrences in northern Italy in future decades. To this end, they analyzed the climatic projections from the EURO-CORDEX and MED-CORDEX numerical simulation ensembles. The results indicate an intensification of droughts in northern Italy for the period 2071–2100, with the Alpine chain being especially affected by an increase of drought severity.
New 40Ar-39Ar geochronological data constrain the Timescale of the Mio‐Pliocene Campiglia Marittima magmatic‐hydrothermal system (Tuscany, Italy)
Petrology and timing of magmatic‐hydrothermal systems and the linkage between plutonic and volcanic domains are key topics in Earth sciences, because of broad implications for natural hazards (volcanic eruptions, gas emissions, earthquakes) and exploitation of natural resources (ore deposits and geothermal resources).
The paper describes the geochemical and isotopic data processing combined with statistical analysis aimed to fine-tune the tritium background threshold limits to identify groundwater contamination due to leachate dispersion at a very high level of sensitivity.
A team composed of researchers from several Greek universities and research centres, from the University of Paris and from IGG-CNR, published on Scientific Report a paper highlighting the importance of chemical and isotopic characterization to establish the origin of deep fluids from 4 different geothermal fields located in Northern Greece.
A study quantifying the influence of climatic and ecological drivers on carbon dioxide fluxes in the high Arctic tundra published in Scientific Reports
Continuous and near real-time measurements of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV): a new approach to investigate the 3d distribution of gem in the lower atmosphere
A new paper, focused on the very first real attempt to directly and continuously measure gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) by means of a Lumex RA-915M mounted on an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV, a heavy-lift octocopter), has been published in Chemosphere.
Award for the best master thesis in mathematics and publication in the journal "Applications in Engineering Science"
Published a new study about the bioaccumulation and biomagnification of trace elements in elasmobranchs and trophic transfer
A Heterogeneous Mantle under the African-Arabian Plate boundary revealed by boron and radiogenic (Sr-Nd-Pb) isotopes
Researchers from IGG, along with colleagues from Universities of Firenze and Roma, INGV and IGAG published a study reporting original geochemical data, including radiogenic isotopes and Boron (B) isotope data for a dataset of alkali basalts cropping out in a wide area close to the Arabia-Africa-Anatolia triple junction and on the Arabian Plate foreland.
Published in Nature Ecology & Evolution a study quantifying the influence of climatic and environmental factors on biodiversity
In a paper published on Nature Ecology & Evolution a research group of the University of Milan and CNR (IGG and ISAC) showed how some environmental factors (climate, land use and human population density) influenced the composition and functionality of arthropod populations.
The development of these of these complex areas of the surface of Mars, which do not exist on Earth, has long been a subject of debate among experts. Water, either liquid or as ice, played a central role in this process, according to the common theory. A study published in the journal “Geophysical Research Letters”, in which researcher from the Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources of the National Research Council of Italy (CNR-IGG) participated, suggests a different cause of formation: volcanic processes.
Evolution of volcanism and geodynamic framework of Sivas-Malatya region (Central-Eastern Anatolia): new isotope (Sr-Nd-Pb) and geochronological (K-Ar and 40Ar-39Ar) data
Researchers from IGG, together with colleagues from the Universities of Firenze and Tunceli (Turkey) published a study on the volcanic rocks of Central Eastern Anatolia based on new isotopic and geochronological data, that allow to reconstruct the temporal and geochemical evolution of volcanic activity, providing important constraints for the reconstruction of the geodynamic evolution of the region over the last 20 million years.
LaSII - Land Subsidence International Initiative from UNESCO published the first global subsidence map due to groundwater depletion in SCIENCE. The research, led by Herrera-García from the Geological Survey of Spain, was also developed with the collaboration of Italian researchers Luigi Tosi (IGG-CNR and LaSII), Mauro Rossi (IRPI-CNR), and Pietro Teatini (ICEA-University of Padua and LaSII).
New tephrostratigraphical and tephrochronological data on a thick tephra layer from the Wood Bay area (Antarctica)
This research, published in Earth and Planetary Science Letters, addresses the kinematic evolution of sill complexes, timing of intrusion and associated deformation, raising the possibility that interconnected sills may act as channels for long-range lateral magma transport through a succession of sill-fed emplacement events.
Water transparency in the Venice Lagoon during COVID-19 lockdown revealed by Copernicus Sentinel-2 satellites
A paper entitled “COVID-19 lockdown measures reveal human impact on water transparency in the Venice Lagoon” has been recently published by a team of researchers from the Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources (CNR-IGG) and the Institute of Marine Sciences (CNR-ISMAR). The article discusses the environmental changes related to the COVID-19 lockdown in Venice and analyzes the different factors that affected turbidity in the lagoon waters.
Workshop internazionale C4 "Climate Change and Carbon Cycle: Global Change from the Deep Past to the Anthropocene"
Nell’Area di Ricerca del CNR di Pisa dal 22 al 24 giugno si terrà un importante incontro internazionale tra ricercatrici e ricercatori di tutto il…
Started the experimental part of the ICEtoFLUX project
Experimental activities of the project ICEtoFLUX (MUR/PRA2021 project-0027) are started with the first mission in Arctic (Svalbard Islands). IGG and…
Presentazione del libro divulgativo "Come costruire un alieno" di Marco Ferrari
Il 7 giugno alle 16 presso l'Auditorium dell'Area della Ricerca di Pisa, Marco Ferrari, biologo, divulgatore e giornalista scientifico presenterà il…
Punti di non ritorno del cambiamento climatico: l’Artico diventerà una sorgente di gas serra?
Il bilancio di emissione e assorbimento di CO2 nella tundra artica sta cambiando a causa di un insieme complesso di fenomeni riconducibili al forte…
LEAP-RE (Long-Term Joint EU-AU Research and Innovation Partnership on Renewable Energy) is Horizon 2020 EU-funded project, in response to the LC-SC3-JA-5-2020 H2020 call for proposal. The duration of the action will be 63 months as of 1 October 2020 (‘starting date of the action’).
LEAP-RE seeks to create a long-term partnership of African and European stakeholders in the field of renewable energy.
The Project regards the integrated study of Albanian speleothem, with the general aims to explore and develop the potential of Albanian caves as archives of past climatic and environmental variations, and with the perspective of properly valorise their scientific, didactic and historical value.
The bilateral project aims to study the main fault systems of the High Atlas in Morocco, whose long history of activation in different geodynamic contexts characterized the overall evolution of the mountain belt. The Atlas orogen resulted from a long history of reactivations in alternating transtensional–transpressional tectonic regimes of lithospheric faults (Tizi n'Test fault system in the western High Atlas, South Meseta and South Atlas fault systems in the central High Atlas).
The purpose of the "Scientific Research of Excellence", funded by the CARIPARO Foundation, is to support innovative research projects that help generate positive economic and social effects, promoting the advancement of scientific knowledge in the most diverse fields.
One of the most debated scientific aspects in relation to the impacts of global changes is whether, how and for how long transitional coastal environments such as lagoons, estuaries and deltas will be able to survive the expected Sea Level Rise (SLR).
The project “Crystallochemical characterization and study of surface reactivity of mineral fibres of environmental and health interest, for an accurate hazard analysis”, was financed in the frame of the “Bric” research funding program of INAIL - the Italian National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at Work.
The ORMA Project, funded by the Region of Tuscany with Executive Decree no. 7426 of 14/05/2020 and started on December 1, 2020, aims to train experts to support innovation, technology transfer, promotion of the relationship between research and business and europlanning and to strengthen the skills of the territory in the field of research/enterprise integration, internationalization, technology transfer, culture of innovation, monitoring and forecasting of technologies and europlanning.
Deltas, estuaries, lagoons form complex and highly fragile transition zones between river dominated lowlands and coastal marine systems. Such systems have proven to react sensitively to climate change and anthropogenic forces: the present morpho- hydro- geological setting and ecosystem of coastal systems result from human-induced processes superposed to the natural coastal zone evolution.
In the northern Adriatic Sea there are marine and coastal habitats that favor and support a significant animal and plant biodiversity, represented by the geo-biogenic outcrops of Friuli Venezia Giulia and Veneto, by the Cladocora caespitosa dead corallites on the Slovenian side, by the numerous coastal-littoral ZSC-ZPS.
The project aims to study and develop, at industrial level, the production of geothermal energy with zero emissions. Geothermal fluids can naturally contain small variable amounts of CO2 and H2S that, if released into the atmosphere, can contribute negatively to the climate change.
The loss of land elevation with respect to the mean sea level (relative sea level rise – RSLR) is one of the processes potentially more impacting flat low-lying coastlands. Today, a continuous updating of the knowledge on land subsidence is becoming even more necessary. This holds in particular for the Venice area where land subsidence is characterized by a significant variability because of the hydro-geo-morphological complexity typical of this transitional environment. Although land subsidence in the Venice coast does not peak to values recorded in other coastal areas worldwide, the process is here severely threatening the territory because of its very low elevation, which is generally below the mean sea level, and the peculiarity of the lagoon environment.
Land subsidence severely threatens most of the coastal plains around the world where high productive industrial and agricultural activities and urban centers are concentrated. Coastal subsidence damages infrastructures and exacerbates the effect of the sea‐level rise at regional scale. Although it is a well‐known process,
Geochemical tracers and indicators for the evaluation of geothermal resources is a Joint Research Project between National Council of Research of Italy and Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan, funded for 2 years.
The Geothermal Atlas of southern Italy is a project aimed at characterizing, assessing and mapping of conventional and unconventional geothermal resources for power production in southern Italy.
VIGOR was a four year Project launched at the end of 2010, coordinated at national level by CNR-IGG and dedicated to a comprehensive assessment of geothermal energy and its technological applications in four regions of southern Italy (Calabria, Campania, Apulia and Sicily, the “Regioni Convergenza”).
The Sa.Pe.Vo. project is a product of the Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources of CNR. The project team includes Unifi, Unipa, UNIRM1 and Universidad de El Salvador. The Italian Agency for International Cooperation has financed the project.
ICEtoFLUX (HydrologIcal changes in ArctiC Environments and water-driven biogeochemical) focus on hydrological processes occurring in arctic environment, as well as on their effects of physical, chemical and biological type. It is developed over the Bayelva River catchment (Ny- Ålesund, Svalbard), starting from its glaciers (Austre- e Vestre-broggerbreen) and moving down to proglacial tundra area and the Kongsfjorden, in which water quality and current are affected by the river input of meltwater containing suspended solids.