The eruptive history of the long-lived Mason Spur volcanic complex (southern Victoria Land, Antarctica)
A working group led by volcanologist J. Smellie (University of Leicester, UK), including researchers from the New Zealand Geological Survey (GNS Science, New Zealand), the New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources (USA), US Geological Survey (USGS, USA) and Istituto di Geoscienze Georisorse (CNR), have reconstructed in great detail the eruptive history of one of the longest-lived and largest eruptive centers of the West Antarctic Rift System (Antarctica).
Published in Communication Earth & Environment the results of in-situ loading experiments in the Venice Lagoon
Published in Communication Earth & Environment the results of in-situ loading experiments in the Venice Lagoon revealing that autocompaction of coastal marshes is strongly influenced by soil characteristics and heterogeneity.
A recent study published in Scientific Reports shows that the approch based on the generalized Fluctuation–Dissipation Relation, complemented by the analysis of the Transfer Entropy, allows the causal links to be identifed between temperature, CO2 concentration and astronomical forcing during glacial cycles over the past 800,000 years based on Antarctic ice core records.
Moldavites (Central European tektites) are genetically related to the meteorite impact event that produced the 24-km diameter Ries crater (Germany) during the Langhian, and representing one of the youngest large impact structures on Earth.
The Alpi Apuane (northern Apennines) represent a key area for understanding the processes related to the Apennines building and geodynamic evolution of the central Mediterranean, but the timing of tectono-metamorphic events is still debated.
Researchers from IGG published a new study on the expected drought occurrences in northern Italy in future decades. To this end, they analyzed the climatic projections from the EURO-CORDEX and MED-CORDEX numerical simulation ensembles. The results indicate an intensification of droughts in northern Italy for the period 2071–2100, with the Alpine chain being especially affected by an increase of drought severity.
New 40Ar-39Ar geochronological data constrain the Timescale of the Mio‐Pliocene Campiglia Marittima magmatic‐hydrothermal system (Tuscany, Italy)
Petrology and timing of magmatic‐hydrothermal systems and the linkage between plutonic and volcanic domains are key topics in Earth sciences, because of broad implications for natural hazards (volcanic eruptions, gas emissions, earthquakes) and exploitation of natural resources (ore deposits and geothermal resources).
The paper describes the geochemical and isotopic data processing combined with statistical analysis aimed to fine-tune the tritium background threshold limits to identify groundwater contamination due to leachate dispersion at a very high level of sensitivity.
A team composed of researchers from several Greek universities and research centres, from the University of Paris and from IGG-CNR, published on Scientific Report a paper highlighting the importance of chemical and isotopic characterization to establish the origin of deep fluids from 4 different geothermal fields located in Northern Greece.
A study quantifying the influence of climatic and ecological drivers on carbon dioxide fluxes in the high Arctic tundra published in Scientific Reports
Continuous and near real-time measurements of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV): a new approach to investigate the 3d distribution of gem in the lower atmosphere
A new paper, focused on the very first real attempt to directly and continuously measure gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) by means of a Lumex RA-915M mounted on an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV, a heavy-lift octocopter), has been published in Chemosphere.
Award for the best master thesis in mathematics and publication in the journal "Applications in Engineering Science"
Published a new study about the bioaccumulation and biomagnification of trace elements in elasmobranchs and trophic transfer
A Heterogeneous Mantle under the African-Arabian Plate boundary revealed by boron and radiogenic (Sr-Nd-Pb) isotopes
Researchers from IGG, along with colleagues from Universities of Firenze and Roma, INGV and IGAG published a study reporting original geochemical data, including radiogenic isotopes and Boron (B) isotope data for a dataset of alkali basalts cropping out in a wide area close to the Arabia-Africa-Anatolia triple junction and on the Arabian Plate foreland.
Published in Nature Ecology & Evolution a study quantifying the influence of climatic and environmental factors on biodiversity
In a paper published on Nature Ecology & Evolution a research group of the University of Milan and CNR (IGG and ISAC) showed how some environmental factors (climate, land use and human population density) influenced the composition and functionality of arthropod populations.
The development of these of these complex areas of the surface of Mars, which do not exist on Earth, has long been a subject of debate among experts. Water, either liquid or as ice, played a central role in this process, according to the common theory. A study published in the journal “Geophysical Research Letters”, in which researcher from the Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources of the National Research Council of Italy (CNR-IGG) participated, suggests a different cause of formation: volcanic processes.
Andrea Berton tra i collaboratori alla perizia sul distacco del ghiacciaio della Marmolada
Lo scorso 3 luglio un distacco del ghiacciaio della Marmolada ha provocato undici vittime sulle Dolomiti. La perizia tecnica, presentata alla Procura…
IASC ACZON Workshop “Towards and Arctic Critical Zone Observation Network”
From 11 January 2023 to 12 January 2023, the ACZON workshop 'Towards and Arctic Critical Zone Observation Network' will be held at Aula 40, National…
Cerimonia di conferimento del premio "Giovanni Merla"
Si sono ufficialmente conclusi i lavori delle due commissioni che hanno valutato le tesi di laurea per l'assegnazione del primo Premio Giovanni Merla…
Caccia al metallo delle batterie green: “Un tesoro di litio nel suolo italiano”
Secondo uno studio pubblicato nei mesi scorsi da quattro ricercatori del CNR-IGG, Andrea Dini, Pierfranco Lattanzi, Giovanni Ruggieri ed Eugenio…
LEAP-RE (Long-Term Joint EU-AU Research and Innovation Partnership on Renewable Energy) is Horizon 2020 EU-funded project, in response to the LC-SC3-JA-5-2020 H2020 call for proposal. The duration of the action will be 63 months as of 1 October 2020 (‘starting date of the action’).
LEAP-RE seeks to create a long-term partnership of African and European stakeholders in the field of renewable energy.
Il progetto PON “Infrastruttura di Ricerca Italiana per le Geoscienze” (Geoscience Research INfracstructure of ITaly; GRINT) ha come obiettivo generale quello di potenziare le strutture, le risorse e i servizi collegati al piano di implementazione dell’Infrastruttura di Ricerca (IR) Europea European Plate Observing System (EPOS) e di definire possibili ampliamenti dell’offerta di dati, prodotti e servizi, con particolare riferimento alle regioni meno sviluppate (Campania, Calabria, Puglia e Sicilia) o in transizione (Abruzzo, Molise e Sardegna).
The Project regards the integrated study of Albanian speleothem, with the general aims to explore and develop the potential of Albanian caves as archives of past climatic and environmental variations, and with the perspective of properly valorise their scientific, didactic and historical value.
The bilateral project aims to study the main fault systems of the High Atlas in Morocco, whose long history of activation in different geodynamic contexts characterized the overall evolution of the mountain belt. The Atlas orogen resulted from a long history of reactivations in alternating transtensional–transpressional tectonic regimes of lithospheric faults (Tizi n'Test fault system in the western High Atlas, South Meseta and South Atlas fault systems in the central High Atlas).
The purpose of the "Scientific Research of Excellence", funded by the CARIPARO Foundation, is to support innovative research projects that help generate positive economic and social effects, promoting the advancement of scientific knowledge in the most diverse fields.
One of the most debated scientific aspects in relation to the impacts of global changes is whether, how and for how long transitional coastal environments such as lagoons, estuaries and deltas will be able to survive the expected Sea Level Rise (SLR).
The project “Crystallochemical characterization and study of surface reactivity of mineral fibres of environmental and health interest, for an accurate hazard analysis”, was financed in the frame of the “Bric” research funding program of INAIL - the Italian National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at Work.
The ORMA Project, funded by the Region of Tuscany with Executive Decree no. 7426 of 14/05/2020 and started on December 1, 2020, aims to train experts to support innovation, technology transfer, promotion of the relationship between research and business and europlanning and to strengthen the skills of the territory in the field of research/enterprise integration, internationalization, technology transfer, culture of innovation, monitoring and forecasting of technologies and europlanning.
Deltas, estuaries, lagoons form complex and highly fragile transition zones between river dominated lowlands and coastal marine systems. Such systems have proven to react sensitively to climate change and anthropogenic forces: the present morpho- hydro- geological setting and ecosystem of coastal systems result from human-induced processes superposed to the natural coastal zone evolution.
In the northern Adriatic Sea there are marine and coastal habitats that favor and support a significant animal and plant biodiversity, represented by the geo-biogenic outcrops of Friuli Venezia Giulia and Veneto, by the Cladocora caespitosa dead corallites on the Slovenian side, by the numerous coastal-littoral ZSC-ZPS.
The project aims to study and develop, at industrial level, the production of geothermal energy with zero emissions. Geothermal fluids can naturally contain small variable amounts of CO2 and H2S that, if released into the atmosphere, can contribute negatively to the climate change.
The loss of land elevation with respect to the mean sea level (relative sea level rise – RSLR) is one of the processes potentially more impacting flat low-lying coastlands. Today, a continuous updating of the knowledge on land subsidence is becoming even more necessary. This holds in particular for the Venice area where land subsidence is characterized by a significant variability because of the hydro-geo-morphological complexity typical of this transitional environment. Although land subsidence in the Venice coast does not peak to values recorded in other coastal areas worldwide, the process is here severely threatening the territory because of its very low elevation, which is generally below the mean sea level, and the peculiarity of the lagoon environment.
Land subsidence severely threatens most of the coastal plains around the world where high productive industrial and agricultural activities and urban centers are concentrated. Coastal subsidence damages infrastructures and exacerbates the effect of the sea‐level rise at regional scale. Although it is a well‐known process,
Geochemical tracers and indicators for the evaluation of geothermal resources is a Joint Research Project between National Council of Research of Italy and Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan, funded for 2 years.
The Geothermal Atlas of southern Italy is a project aimed at characterizing, assessing and mapping of conventional and unconventional geothermal resources for power production in southern Italy.
VIGOR was a four year Project launched at the end of 2010, coordinated at national level by CNR-IGG and dedicated to a comprehensive assessment of geothermal energy and its technological applications in four regions of southern Italy (Calabria, Campania, Apulia and Sicily, the “Regioni Convergenza”).
SeCure (Saltwater intrusion and climate change: monitoring, countermeasures and informed governance), which is allocated in the Cluster Adaptation to climate changes "governance and capacity building", is aimed to (i) maximize the main outcomes and the experiences developed in MAC IT-HR projects and the synergies between the projects to enhance visibility and transferability, and (ii) fully exploit and consolidate the results achieved so far to further increase the knowledge base on the saltwater contamination of the northern Adriatic coastlands in preparation for the next programming period, in particular Specific objective 2.4.
HYDRO-ISLAND (Pianosa Island: hydrological processes and water resources sustainability in a climate-changing Mediterranean) is carried out by through a cooperation among IGG, scientific leader, Tuscan Archipelago National Park, promoter of the project as responsible of Tuscan Islands Biosphere Reserve - MAB UNESCO, Earth Science Departments of the Siena and Pisa University (DSFTA-UniSi and DST-UniPi, respectively), GASP Museum and Turismo Sostenibile s.r.l. Furthermore, the Autorità Idrica Toscana (AIT) will represent a key stakeholder.
ABRESO (ABandonment and REbound: SOcietal views on landscape- and land-use change and their impacts on water and soils) is a Belmont Forum project funded by the Department of Earth Sciences and Technologies for the Environment (DSTTA). The project aims to create a transdisciplinary platform to understand the natural and socio-economic factors that lead to land abandonment and subsequent land use change and alteration of ecosystem processes in the Critical Zone. The results of the activities carried out over the 3 years of the project (2021-2023) will enable stakeholders to apply solutions for sustainable management of the air-soil-vegetation-water system.
ICEtoFLUX (HydrologIcal changes in ArctiC Environments and water-driven biogeochemical) focus on hydrological processes occurring in arctic environment, as well as on their effects of physical, chemical and biological type. It is developed over the Bayelva River catchment (Ny- Ålesund, Svalbard), starting from its glaciers (Austre- e Vestre-broggerbreen) and moving down to proglacial tundra area and the Kongsfjorden, in which water quality and current are affected by the river input of meltwater containing suspended solids.