Who we are
The Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources (IGG), is an institute of National Research Council of Italy (CNR), and it is devoted to the interdisciplinary study of the Geosciences, including application-oriented approaches.
The eruptive history of the long-lived Mason Spur volcanic complex (southern Victoria Land, Antarctica)
A working group led by volcanologist J. Smellie (University of Leicester, UK), including researchers from the New Zealand Geological Survey (GNS Science, New Zealand), the New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources (USA), US Geological Survey (USGS, USA) and Istituto di Geoscienze Georisorse (CNR), have reconstructed in great detail the eruptive history of one of the longest-lived and largest eruptive centers of the West Antarctic Rift System (Antarctica).
Published in Communication Earth & Environment the results of in-situ loading experiments in the Venice Lagoon
Published in Communication Earth & Environment the results of in-situ loading experiments in the Venice Lagoon revealing that autocompaction of coastal marshes is strongly influenced by soil characteristics and heterogeneity.
A new study on millennial‑scale climate fuctuations in the last 800 kyr
A recent study published in Scientific Reports shows that the approch based on the generalized Fluctuation–Dissipation Relation, complemented by the analysis of the Transfer Entropy, allows the causal links to be identifed between temperature, CO2 concentration and astronomical forcing during glacial cycles over the past 800,000 years based on Antarctic ice core records.
High precision multi-collector 40Ar-39Ar dating of moldavites (central Eurepean tekties)
Moldavites (Central European tektites) are genetically related to the meteorite impact event that produced the 24-km diameter Ries crater (Germany) during the Langhian, and representing one of the youngest large impact structures on Earth.
Multi-collector 40Ar-39Ar dating of deformation in the Alpi Apuane (northern Apennines)
The Alpi Apuane (northern Apennines) represent a key area for understanding the processes related to the Apennines building and geodynamic evolution of the central Mediterranean, but the timing of tectono-metamorphic events is still debated.
New study on the expected drought occurrences in northern Italy in future decades
Researchers from IGG published a new study on the expected drought occurrences in northern Italy in future decades. To this end, they analyzed the climatic projections from the EURO-CORDEX and MED-CORDEX numerical simulation ensembles. The results indicate an intensification of droughts in northern Italy for the period 2071–2100, with the Alpine chain being especially affected by an increase of drought severity.
New 40Ar-39Ar geochronological data constrain the Timescale of the Mio‐Pliocene Campiglia Marittima magmatic‐hydrothermal system (Tuscany, Italy)
Petrology and timing of magmatic‐hydrothermal systems and the linkage between plutonic and volcanic domains are key topics in Earth sciences, because of broad implications for natural hazards (volcanic eruptions, gas emissions, earthquakes) and exploitation of natural resources (ore deposits and geothermal resources).
New study on tritium: the most effective tracer of leachate contamination
The paper describes the geochemical and isotopic data processing combined with statistical analysis aimed to fine-tune the tritium background threshold limits to identify groundwater contamination due to leachate dispersion at a very high level of sensitivity.
New study on the importance of isotopic geothermometers published in Scientific Reports
A team composed of researchers from several Greek universities and research centres, from the University of Paris and from IGG-CNR, published on Scientific Report a paper highlighting the importance of chemical and isotopic characterization to establish the origin of deep fluids from 4 different geothermal fields located in Northern Greece.
A study quantifying the influence of climatic and ecological drivers on carbon dioxide fluxes in the high Arctic tundra published in Scientific Reports
In a paper published in Scientific Reports, a research group of IGG-CNR has shown how ecological and climatic factors influence carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes in the high Arctic tundra.
Continuous and near real-time measurements of gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV): a new approach to investigate the 3d distribution of gem in the lower atmosphere
A new paper, focused on the very first real attempt to directly and continuously measure gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) by means of a Lumex RA-915M mounted on an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV, a heavy-lift octocopter), has been published in Chemosphere.
Award for the best master thesis in mathematics and publication in the journal "Applications in Engineering Science"
Antonio Giovinetto, a student at the University of Florence, has been awarded the Prize in memory of Prof. Tristano Manacorda for the best thesis of Master Thesis in Mathematics 2021.
Published a new study about the bioaccumulation and biomagnification of trace elements in elasmobranchs and trophic transfer
A new study has been published on Marine Pollution Bulletin about trace elements. This study aims to provide the first concurrent assessment from 12 elasmobranch species from Djibouti (Gulf of Aden).
A Heterogeneous Mantle under the African-Arabian Plate boundary revealed by boron and radiogenic (Sr-Nd-Pb) isotopes
Researchers from IGG, along with colleagues from Universities of Firenze and Roma, INGV and IGAG published a study reporting original geochemical data, including radiogenic isotopes and Boron (B) isotope data for a dataset of alkali basalts cropping out in a wide area close to the Arabia-Africa-Anatolia triple junction and on the Arabian Plate foreland.
Published in Nature Ecology & Evolution a study quantifying the influence of climatic and environmental factors on biodiversity
In a paper published on Nature Ecology & Evolution a research group of the University of Milan and CNR (IGG and ISAC) showed how some environmental factors (climate, land use and human population density) influenced the composition and functionality of arthropod populations.
A new hypothesis for the development of the chaotic terrains on Mars
The development of these of these complex areas of the surface of Mars, which do not exist on Earth, has long been a subject of debate among experts. Water, either liquid or as ice, played a central role in this process, according to the common theory. A study published in the journal “Geophysical Research Letters”, in which researcher from the Institute of Geosciences and Earth Resources of the National Research Council of Italy (CNR-IGG) participated, suggests a different cause of formation: volcanic processes.
New study published in Scientific Reports on the surface rupture and kinematics of the Petrinja earthquake (Croatia)
The study published in Scientific Reports provide a first-hand description of the coseismic surface effects caused by the Mw 6.4 Petrinja earthquake that hit central Croatia on 29 December 2020.
I dati geotermici a portata di click
Il CNR-IGG lancia GeoThopica vs 2.0, la nuova versione del portale di accesso all’infrastruttura dati geotermici italiani del CNR, che arricchisce la…
Escursione presso il sito minerario dell'Argentiera di Sant'Anna di Stazzema
In occasione della Giornata Nazionale delle Miniere (https://www.isprambiente.gov.it/it/events/xv-giornata-nazionale-delle-miniere-edizione-2023), il…
Optimising access to deep geothermal resources with new state-of-the-art drilling technologies to unleash clean, abundant energy from the Earth
A new dawn is opening up for drilling deep U-tube heat exchangers, combining laser and cryogenic gas
In 2022, the University of Padua in…
La primavera della Ricerca
In occasione dei festeggiamenti per i cento anni del CNR, il 12 maggio presso l'Area della Ricerca di Pisa è stata organizzata una giornata dedicata…
LEAP-RE (Long-Term Joint EU-AU Research and Innovation Partnership on Renewable Energy) is Horizon 2020 EU-funded project, in response to the LC-SC3-JA-5-2020 H2020 call for proposal. The duration of the action will be 63 months as of 1 October 2020 (‘starting date of the action’).
LEAP-RE seeks to create a long-term partnership of African and European stakeholders in the field of renewable energy.
Il progetto PON “Infrastruttura di Ricerca Italiana per le Geoscienze” (Geoscience Research INfracstructure of ITaly; GRINT) ha come obiettivo generale quello di potenziare le strutture, le risorse e i servizi collegati al piano di implementazione dell’Infrastruttura di Ricerca (IR) Europea European Plate Observing System (EPOS) e di definire possibili ampliamenti dell’offerta di dati, prodotti e servizi, con particolare riferimento alle regioni meno sviluppate (Campania, Calabria, Puglia e Sicilia) o in transizione (Abruzzo, Molise e Sardegna).
The Project regards the integrated study of Albanian speleothem, with the general aims to explore and develop the potential of Albanian caves as archives of past climatic and environmental variations, and with the perspective of properly valorise their scientific, didactic and historical value.
Bilateral Project Italy - Morocco
The bilateral project aims to study the main fault systems of the High Atlas in Morocco, whose long history of activation in different geodynamic contexts characterized the overall evolution of the mountain belt. The Atlas orogen resulted from a long history of reactivations in alternating transtensional–transpressional tectonic regimes of lithospheric faults (Tizi n'Test fault system in the western High Atlas, South Meseta and South Atlas fault systems in the central High Atlas).
The purpose of the "Scientific Research of Excellence", funded by the CARIPARO Foundation, is to support innovative research projects that help generate positive economic and social effects, promoting the advancement of scientific knowledge in the most diverse fields.
One of the most debated scientific aspects in relation to the impacts of global changes is whether, how and for how long transitional coastal environments such as lagoons, estuaries and deltas will be able to survive the expected Sea Level Rise (SLR).
BRIC-INAIL Asbestos Call
The project “Crystallochemical characterization and study of surface reactivity of mineral fibres of environmental and health interest, for an accurate hazard analysis”, was financed in the frame of the “Bric” research funding program of INAIL - the Italian National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at Work.
The ORMA Project, funded by the Region of Tuscany with Executive Decree no. 7426 of 14/05/2020 and started on December 1, 2020, aims to train experts to support innovation, technology transfer, promotion of the relationship between research and business and europlanning and to strengthen the skills of the territory in the field of research/enterprise integration, internationalization, technology transfer, culture of innovation, monitoring and forecasting of technologies and europlanning.
Bilateral project Italy - China
Deltas, estuaries, lagoons form complex and highly fragile transition zones between river dominated lowlands and coastal marine systems. Such systems have proven to react sensitively to climate change and anthropogenic forces: the present morpho- hydro- geological setting and ecosystem of coastal systems result from human-induced processes superposed to the natural coastal zone evolution.
In the northern Adriatic Sea there are marine and coastal habitats that favor and support a significant animal and plant biodiversity, represented by the geo-biogenic outcrops of Friuli Venezia Giulia and Veneto, by the Cladocora caespitosa dead corallites on the Slovenian side, by the numerous coastal-littoral ZSC-ZPS.
Project coordinator: Prof. Paolo Salandin University of Padova, Department ICEA (paolo.salandin(at)unipd(dot)it);CNR Scientific Responsible: Dr. Luigi Tosi, CNR-IGG (luigi.tosi(at)igg.cnr.it)
Project coordinator: Prof. Simone Galeotti, Università degli studi di Urbino “Carlo Bo”; CNR Scientific Responsible: Dr.ssa Barbara Nisi, CNR-IGG (barbara.nisi(at)igg.cnr.it)
The project aims to study and develop, at industrial level, the production of geothermal energy with zero emissions. Geothermal fluids can naturally contain small variable amounts of CO2 and H2S that, if released into the atmosphere, can contribute negatively to the climate change.
The loss of land elevation with respect to the mean sea level (relative sea level rise – RSLR) is one of the processes potentially more impacting flat low-lying coastlands. Today, a continuous updating of the knowledge on land subsidence is becoming even more necessary. This holds in particular for the Venice area where land subsidence is characterized by a significant variability because of the hydro-geo-morphological complexity typical of this transitional environment. Although land subsidence in the Venice coast does not peak to values recorded in other coastal areas worldwide, the process is here severely threatening the territory because of its very low elevation, which is generally below the mean sea level, and the peculiarity of the lagoon environment.
IGCP 663 - IM2LSC
Land subsidence severely threatens most of the coastal plains around the world where high productive industrial and agricultural activities and urban centers are concentrated. Coastal subsidence damages infrastructures and exacerbates the effect of the sea‐level rise at regional scale. Although it is a well‐known process,
CNR Scientific Responsible: Dr. Adele Manzella, CNR-IGG (adele.manzella(at)igg.cnr.it). Link to project web site: https://www.geoenvi.eu/.
The H2020 EUROVOLC Project aimed at creating a European network of observatories and research infrastructures for volcanology. CNR Scientific Responsible: Dr. Maddalena Pennisi, CNR-IGG (maddalena.pennisi(at)igg.cnr.it). Link to project web site: https://eurovolc.eu/.
GEMEx is a project of international cooperation in the geothermal field between Europe and Mexico, funded by Horizon 2020 EU framework programme for research and innovation.
Bilateral Project Italy-Taiwan
Geochemical tracers and indicators for the evaluation of geothermal resources is a Joint Research Project between National Council of Research of Italy and Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan, funded for 2 years.
The ERA-NET Consortium “European Research Area for Climate Services”, so-called ERA4CS, has been designed to boost the development of efficient Climate Services in Europe.
Bilateral Project Italy - Moldova
Italy Partner: Dr. Barbara Nisi
Moldova Partner: Dr. Oleg Bogdevici
IMAGE is a European project, co-funded for four years by the European Commission within the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development 2007-2013.
Mountains are sentinels of climate and environmental change and many marine regions provide information on past climate variations.
Geothermal ERA-NET is a European project co-funded for four years by the European Commission within the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development 2007-2013.
Climate Change and Groundwater resources
Principal Investigator for CNR-IGG: Antonello Provenzale (antonello.provenzale(at)cnr.it)
The GEOTHERM-FORA project is a European Project funded by the Horizon Europe Programme (G.A. 101075400), which aims at supporting and strengthening the fora on geothermal systems dealing with research and innovation. The Deep Geothermal Implementation Working Group (DG-IWG) and the Platform on Deep Geothermal (ETIP-DG) are working together and interlinked.
DeepU project (Deep U-tube heat exchanger breakthrough: combining laser and cryogenics gas for geothermal energy exploitation) has been funded under the EIC Pathfinder programme (G.A. 101046937) by the European Commission as part of Horizon Europe, which supports early-stage projects developing revolutionary, high-risk/high-gain technologies with the potential to create new markets and address global changes.
SeCure (Saltwater intrusion and climate change: monitoring, countermeasures and informed governance), which is allocated in the Cluster Adaptation to climate changes "governance and capacity building", is aimed to (i) maximize the main outcomes and the experiences developed in MAC IT-HR projects and the synergies between the projects to enhance visibility and transferability, and (ii) fully exploit and consolidate the results achieved so far to further increase the knowledge base on the saltwater contamination of the northern Adriatic coastlands in preparation for the next programming period, in particular Specific objective 2.4.
HYDRO-ISLAND (Pianosa Island: hydrological processes and water resources sustainability in a climate-changing Mediterranean) is carried out by through a cooperation among IGG, scientific leader, Tuscan Archipelago National Park, promoter of the project as responsible of Tuscan Islands Biosphere Reserve - MAB UNESCO, Earth Science Departments of the Siena and Pisa University (DSFTA-UniSi and DST-UniPi, respectively), GASP Museum and Turismo Sostenibile s.r.l. Furthermore, the Autorità Idrica Toscana (AIT) will represent a key stakeholder.
ABRESO (ABandonment and REbound: SOcietal views on landscape- and land-use change and their impacts on water and soils) is a Belmont Forum project funded by the Department of Earth Sciences and Technologies for the Environment (DSTTA). The project aims to create a transdisciplinary platform to understand the natural and socio-economic factors that lead to land abandonment and subsequent land use change and alteration of ecosystem processes in the Critical Zone. The results of the activities carried out over the 3 years of the project (2021-2023) will enable stakeholders to apply solutions for sustainable management of the air-soil-vegetation-water system.
ICEtoFLUX (HydrologIcal changes in ArctiC Environments and water-driven biogeochemical) focus on hydrological processes occurring in arctic environment, as well as on their effects of physical, chemical and biological type. It is developed over the Bayelva River catchment (Ny- Ålesund, Svalbard), starting from its glaciers (Austre- e Vestre-broggerbreen) and moving down to proglacial tundra area and the Kongsfjorden, in which water quality and current are affected by the river input of meltwater containing suspended solids.