GIS, Cartography and Remote Sensing Laboratory
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) play a vital role in those disciplines, particularly in the context of the Earth sciences, which are strongly based on the position, geometry and attributes of spatially referred objects.
When organized in a GIS, spatial data of any kind (geological, geomorphological, hydrogeological, geochemical and environmental, geothermal, etc., as well as administrative, infrastructural, social ...) and origin (scanned, digitized, directly or remotely acquired), can be analyzed and placed in relation to each other. By means of the spatial analysis, mutual coherence and consistency of data can be controlled, both in geographical (topological) and in attributive terms; moreover, new information can be derived and extracted.
New spatial information, both quantitative and qualitative, are also obtained through the analysis and processing of remote sensing data, mainly recorded from satellite sensors, allowing the detection, classification and monitoring of objects (and phenomena) located on the earth's surface and in the atmosphere through the measurement of the electromagnetic radiation reflected and/or emitted.
The ability to organize the geo-referenced spatial data in overlapping layers makes GIS fundamental not only with respect to the storage, management, analysis and processing of the available information, but also with regard to their visualization and mapping; GIS is an essential tool to synthesize and describe the observed natural systems and their manifestations.
LabGIS instruments and equipment consist of two workstations, a NAS file server for project data distribution, a large-format printer HP Designjet T120 and an optical stereoscope Carl Zeiss. The software section, in addition to the main open source applications, consists of ESRI ArcGIS / ArcInfo 9.3.1 and Aquaveo GMS (Groundwater Modeling System) 9.2 softwares.
A workstation is available to IGG researchers, trainees and project partners; it is also available a table of large dimensions (250 x 150 cm) for drawing and consultation of maps.
Dr. Giulio Masetti (CNR Researcher - Lab Responsible)
+39 050 6213275 (Dr. Giulio Masetti)
METHODS AND APPLICATIONS
LabGIS operates through the acquisition, interpretation, management and processing of surface and subsoil geographical referred data, mainly in the fields of geology, geomorphology and characterization of groundwater resources. In this context, activities and related techniques include:
- acquisition, interpretation, management, analysis and processing of surface and subsoil geographical referred data: data projection and transformation; geoprocessing, spatial analysis, geostatistics, interpolation and spatialization tecniques; digital elevation models; subsoil geological and hydrogeological 3D solid models; morphological and morphometric parameters calculation;
- analysis and processing of remote sensing digital imagery and data, multispectral, multiresolution and multiplatform: orthorectification and correction; image enhancing; pansharpening; filtering; object-oriented classification techniques; multitemporal series analysis; change detection; stereo aerial photo analysis and interpretation;
- design, implementation and deployment of project databases: geodatabase design; logical, physical and conceptual data models; topology rules and relations.
- realisation of thematic maps; digitization and georeferencing of raster data; map editing; styles definition and symbols libraries construction.
LabGIS participates in regional, national and international earth sciences related projects. In the last years, LabGIS activities focused mainly on projects aiming at improving knowledge and protection of groundwater resources. In the past years the Laboratory has also performed geomorphological and stability analysis and contributed to the realization of the geological and geothematic maps and databases of Tuscany.
- 2016: Advances in knowledge of the Tuscany Region aquifer systems.
- 2016: Implementation, maintenance and management of the TR gological databases.
- 2016: FREEWAT (EU Horizon 2020)
- 2013-2015: Geobasi – The Geochemical database of Tuscany
- 2013: CNR Project “GEOTHERMAL ATLAS”
- 2012: CREA (POR FESR 2017/2013)
- 2011-2015: Update and upgrade of the Tuscany Groundwater Bodies geodatabase
- 2011: ZEBU (POR FESR 2017/2013)
- 2009-2013: Identification of the Tuscany groundwater resources protection zones (recharge areas, reserve zones).
- 2008-2010: Stability analysis of Emilia-Romagna Region damaged inhabited centers.
- 2008: TR slope stability and superficial deposits cartography database
- 2006-2010: Geodatabase of the Tuscany groundwater bodies.
- 2005-2007: Geological and Geomorphological map of the Tuscany Region, scale 1:10.000.
MAIN SCIENTIFIC INTERESTS
Aquifer systems stratigraphy and hydrostructure; construction of geological and hydrostructural 3D solid models for the implementation of numerical flow models; slope gravitational movements and stability conditions of damaged inhabited centers; surface temperature anomalies detection, also in relation to the geological-structural conditions.
- Menichini M., Da Prato S., Doveri M., Ellero A., Lelli M., Masetti G., Nisi B., Raco B. (2015) – An integrated methodology to define Protection Zones for groundwater-based drinking water sources: an example from the Tuscany Region, Italy. Acque Sotterranee – Italian Journal of Groundwater, Vol. 4, n. 139, 21-27.
- Raco B., Buccianti A., Corongiu M., Lavorini G., Macera P., Manetti F., Mari R., Masetti G., Menichetti S., Nisi B., Protano G., Romanelli S. (2015) – GEOBASI: The geochemical Database of Tuscany Region (Italy). Acque Sotterranee – Italian Journal of Groundwater, Vol. 4, n. 139, 7-18.
- Autori vari (2014) – VIGOR: Sviluppo geotermico nelle Regioni della Convergenza. Progetto VIGOR – Valutazione del Potenziale Geotermico nelle Regioni della Convergenza, POI Energie Rinnovabili e Risparmio Energetico 2007-2013, CNR-IGG, ISBN: 9788879580113.
- Masetti G., Ottria G., Ghiselli F., Ambrogio A., Rossi G., Zanolini L. (2013) – Multidisciplinary Study of the Torrio Landslide (Northern Apennines, Italy) in: C. Margottini et al. (eds.), Landslide Science and Practice, Vol. 1, DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-31325-7_23, # Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013.
- Vaselli L., Ellero A., Masetti G., Ottria G. (2013) – Contributo dell’analisi geologico-strutturale allo studio dei massi erratici delle Alpi Apuane: dati preliminari sul blocco della Rondinella (Vagli di Sopra, Lucca). Acta apuana, IX-X (2010-2011), 29-42.
- Doveri M., Nisi B., Cerrina Feroni A., Ellero A., Menichini M., Lelli M., Masetti G., Da Prato S., Principe C., Raco B. (2012) - Geological, hydrodynamic and geochemical features of the volcanic aquifer of Mt. Amiata (Tuscany, Central Italy): an overview. Acta Vulcanologica, 23 (1-2), 2011 / 24 (1-2), 2012, 51-72.
- Raco B., Cerrina Feroni A., Da Prato S., Doveri M., Ellero A., Lelli M., Masetti G., Nisi B., Marini L. (2011) - Environmental Security Issues Related to Impacts of Anthropogenic Activities on Groundwater: Examples from the Real World. In: A. Scozzari A., El Mansouri B. (edited by): Water Security in the Mediterranean Region. An international evaluation of management, control and governance approaches. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security, DOI 10.1007/978-94-007-1623-0_11, © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 11, 153-162
- Cerrina Feroni A., Da Prato S., Doveri M., Ellero A., Lelli M., Marini L., Masetti G., Nisi B. & Raco B. (2010) – Corpi idrici sotterranei della Val di Cecina. Editore Manetti P., Memorie descrittive della Carta Geologica d’Italia, vol. LXXXIX, pp. 99.
- Cerrina Feroni A., Ellero A., Masetti G., Ottria G., Pardini E. (2008) – I Corpi Idrici Sotterranei Significativi della Regione Toscana (DGRT 225/2003). Inquadramento regionale. Perimetrazione e ricostruzione. Prospettive e sviluppi. Regione Toscana, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche – Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, Consorzio LaMMa. Centro stampa Giunta Regione Toscana (pp. 134).